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Table 7 Upper continental crust values of trace elements from previous studies

From: Estimation of pollution indices and hazard evaluation from trace elements concentration in coastal sediments of Kerala, Southwest Coast of India

Trace elements References
As Cd Cu Cr Mn Zn Ni Pb Ti Fe
4.8 0.09 28 92 1000 67 47 17 6400 50,400 Rudnick and Gao (2004)
67 47 Kemp and Hawkesworth (2004)
4.4 0.079 32 80 1000 70 38 18 6700 53,300 Gao et al. (1998)
6000 49,400 Borodin (1999)
1.5 0.098 25 85 600 71 44 17 35,000 Taylor and McLennan (1995)
2 0.102 14 35 700 52 18.6 17 5400 30,890 Wedepohl (1995)
112 56 17 5600 47,600 Condie (1993)
5.1 Sims et al. (1990)
20 Shaw et al. (1986)
0.098 25 85 700 71 44 17 5000 Taylor and McLennan (1985)
20 Weaver and Tarney (1984)
25 35 52 20 Taylor and McLennan (1981)
1000 5500 57,800 Ronov and Yaroshevsky (1976)
0.08 14 35 52 19 17 Shaw et al. (1976)
26 76 60 19 18 Eade and Fahrig (1973)
800 5400 44,000 Fahrig and Eade (1968)
0.075 35 700 52 19 17 5400 40,900 Shaw et al. (1967)
3.56 0.09 23.63 67 812.5 61.4 31.66 17.22 5711.1 45,476.7 Reference value for this study