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Table 3 Changes in lignocellulose content and loss of solid substrates treated with ligninolytic fungi during solid-state fermentation in different time intervals

From: Biodegradation potential of indigenous litter dwelling ligninolytic fungi on agricultural wastes

  Time interval (day) Lignin content (%) Lignin loss (%) Holocellulose content (%) Holocellulose loss (%)
Areca husk      
 Control   19.9 ± 0.58a 55.1 ± 1.24a
  M. circinelloides GL1 20 17.0 ± 0.64b 14.5 ± 3.23e 48.4 ± 1.27bc 12.1 ± 2.30ef
40 15.0 ± 0.63bc 24.2 ± 3.19de 47.8 ± 1.33bc 13.1 ± 2.42ef
60 13.0 ± 0.76cd 34.6 ± 3.83cd 44.6 ± 1.32cd 18.9 ± 2.41de
80 11.9 ± 0.59d 40.0 ± 2.97c 41.0 ± 1.58de 25.5 ± 2.88cd
100 8.7 ± 0.52ef 56.2 ± 2.66ab 32.0 ± 1.60fg 41.9 ± 2.91ab
120 6.5 ± 0.44f 67.1 ± 2.21a 28.0 ± 1.73g 49.0 ± 3.14a
  F. verticillioides GL5 20 17.5 ± 0.32b 12.0 ± 1.61e 53.9 ± 0.74ab 2.0 ± 1.34f
40 15.5 ± 0.54bc 21.9 ± 2.75de 49.0 ± 1.32bc 11.0 ± 2.41ef
60 13.7 ± 0.66cd 31.1 ± 3.34cd 47.8 ± 1.30bc 13.1 ± 2.36ef
80 12.3 ± 0.49d 38.1 ± 2.48c 45.1 ± 1.81cd 18.1 ± 3.30de
100 9.2 ± 0.55e 53.7 ± 2.76b 37.5 ± 1.44ef 31.9 ± 2.61bc
120 7.2 ± 0.52ef 63.8 ± 2.66ab 32.9 ± 1.21fg 40.1 ± 2.20ab
Coffee husk      
 Control   18.7 ± 0.51a 58.8 ± 1.27a
  M. circinelloides GL1 20 16.2 ± 0.40bc 13.1 ± 2.16ef 52.3 ± 1.15bc 11.0 ± 1.96fg
40 15.5 ± 0.51c 17.1 ± 2.77e 47.4 ± 1.35cd 19.2 ± 2.31ef
60 11.5 ± 0.58de 38.3 ± 3.10cd 41.1 ± 1.61ef 30.1 ± 2.75cd
80 9.8 ± 0.40ef 47.2 ± 2.18bc 36.9 ± 1.45fg 37.1 ± 2.46bc
100 8.3 ± 0.46fg 55.6 ± 2.47ab 33.0 ± 1.04g 43.8 ± 1.76b
120 6.4 ± 0.69g 65.7 ± 3.70a 26.3 ± 1.08h 55.2 ± 1.84a
  F. verticillioides GL5 20 18.1 ± 0.32ab 3.2 ± 1.71f 56.5 ± 1.16ab 3.9 ± 1.98g
40 16.0 ± 0.57bc 14.4 ± 3.08ef 51.2 ± 1.72bc 12.9 ± 2.92fg
60 12.6 ± 0.92d 32.6 ± 4.93d 46.9 ± 1.24cd 20.1 ± 2.11ef
80 11.5 ± 0.72de 38.4 ± 3.86cd 43.1 ± 1.34de 26.6 ± 2.28de
100 11.0 ± 0.40de 41.1 ± 2.15cd 36.5 ± 1.24fg 37.8 ± 2.11bc
120 9.1 ± 0.58ef 51.3 ± 3.13bc 32.6 ± 1.48g 44.4 ± 2.51b
Paddy straw      
 Control   16.0 ± 0.55a 57.5 ± 1.12a
  M. circinelloides GL1 20 14.3 ± 0.31bc 10.4 ± 1.98gh 52.5 ± 1.24ab 8.6 ± 2.16gh
40 12.3 ± 0.38d 22.7 ± 2.40f 43.6 ± 1.55cd 24.1 ± 2.71ef
60 9.7 ± 0.43ef 39.3 ± 2.72de 41.8 ± 1.42cd 27.1 ± 2.47ef
80 7.6 ± 0.37g 52.2 ± 2.34c 32.1 ± 1.27e 44.1 ± 2.21d
100 5.2 ± 0.34h 67.5 ± 2.16b 21.2 ± 1.21g 63.1 ± 2.11b
120 3.0 ± 0.34i 80.8 ± 2.17a 15.2 ± 0.98h 73.5 ± 1.70a
  F. verticillioides GL5 20 15.6 ± 0.17ab 2.2 ± 1.10h 54.4 ± 1.51a 5.3 ± 2.63h
40 13.2 ± 0.46cd 17.5 ± 2.88fg 47.5 ± 1.07bc 17.3 ± 1.86fg
60 10.4 ± 0.31e 34.5 ± 1.98e 44.7 ± 1.53c 22.1 ± 2.66f
80 8.7 ± 0.40fg 45.6 ± 2.52cd 38.1 ± 1.64d 33.7 ± 2.86e
100 7.5 ± 0.43g 53.1 ± 2.72c 30.0 ± 1.32ef 47.7 ± 2.31cd
120 5.4 ± 0.32h 66.2 ± 2.01b 25.0 ± 1.26fg 56.5 ± 2.20bc
  1. ‘ ± ’ indicates standard error (SE) calculated by using triplicates
  2. Values (mean of triplicates) with different letters within the same vertical column indicate the significant difference at p ≤ 0.05
  3. A italicized cell represents the maximum value