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Table 7 Distribution of the researched guides according to the reasons the farmers are reluctant to apply the pest control methods of the fruit fly from their point of view

From: Training needs assessment of agricultural extension change agents in the field of biological control of fruit fly in Sinai Peninsula

Reasons Exist Non-existent Mean % Rank
No. % No. %    
Lack of farmers’ knowledge and information on bio-control methods of fruit flies 96 88.9 12 11.2 1.93 96.5 1
Small size of agricultural holdings 32 29.6 76 70.4 1.74 87 6
Lack of specialized extension seminars to educate farmers 71 65.7 37 34.3 1.68 84 7
Lack of specialized bulletins and posters 77 71.3 31 28.7 1.75 87.5 5
Lack of farmers’ awareness of the effects of pesticides and chemical fertilizers on the environment 84 71.3 24 28.7 1.81 90.5 3
Weak communication channels between research centers, agricultural extension, and farmers 93 86.1 15 13.9 1.90 95 2
Failure to provide the fruit fly application for biological control 93 86.1 15 13.9 1.90 95 2
Farmers are not convinced of the biological control of fruit flies and believe that chemicals should be used to increase agricultural productivity 85 78.7 23 21.3 1.79 89.5 4
Farmers’ belief in the high cost of bio-control of fruit flies and reduced production 84 77.8 24 22.2 1.67 83.5 8