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Table 6 Total manufacturing cost

From: Primitive techno-economic study of bio-diesel and bio-active compound production from microalgae

Item Cost ($)
Direct manufacturing cost (DMC)
 Raw materials
  Methanol    478,368
  H2SO4     3,564,387
  Water     2,707
  CaO     127,320
  Hexane     37,968
  Jojoba oil    661,269,247
 Utilities
  Electricity    2,619,549
  L.P.S     37,515,025
  H.P.S     8,258,918
  Cooling water    91,818
 Labors     546,965
 Maintenance 0.06 × FCI 3,337,844
 Supervision 0.15 × labor 82,045
 Operating supplies 0.15 × maintenance 500,677
 Laboratory charges 0.15 × labor 82,045
 Royalties   0.03 × TMC 21,765,444
 Subtotal     78,973,111
Indirect manufacturing cost (IDMC)
 Overhead, packaging, and storage (0.6 × labor + supervision + maintenance) 2,380,112
  Local taxes 0.015 × FCI   834,461
  Insurance 0.005 × FCI   278,154
  Subtotal     3,492,727
  Depreciation 0.05 × FCI 2,781,537
 General expenses
  Administrative costs 0.25 × overhead 595,028
  Distribution & selling cost 0.1 × TMC 72,551,479
  Research and development 0.05 × TMC 36,275,740
  Subtotal     109,422,247
  Total Manufacturing cost (TMC)   725,514,791