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Table 1 Lab investigations between control and case groups

From: Fasting insulin level and Homatest IR as predictors of acute kidney injury in critically ill patients

  Group Student’s t test
Control Case
Mean ± SD Median (IQR) Mean ± SD Median (IQR) P-value Sig.
Urea 13.19 ± 2.44 13 (11–15.5) 157.45 ± 89.49 140 (100–200) < 0.001(M) S
Creatinine 0.75 ± 0.09 0.7 (0.7–0.8) 5.42 ± 3.43 4.7 (2.8–6.6) < 0.001(M) S
Uric acid 4.67 ± 0.52 4.5 (4.1–5.2) 9.75 ± 8.56 8 (6.8–11.55) < 0.001(M) S
ALT 19.15 ± 2.51 18 (17–23) 92.85 ± 209.27 28 (15–73) < 0.001(M) S
AST 19.92 ± 5.32 20 (15–23) 119.41 ± 258.76 37 (23–98) < 0.001(M) S
Hb 12.84 ± 0.69   9.4 ± 2.62   < 0.001 S
WBCs (× 103) 5.91 ± 1 6.4 (5.4–6.7) 14.46 ± 16.44 12.5 (8.2–17.2) < 0.001(M) S
Platelet (× 103) 349.73 ± 55.85 341 (312–399) 206.16 ± 130.21 184 (103–290) < 0.001(M) S
Fasting glucose mg/dl 89.19 ± 4.14   98.37 ± 7.13   < 0.001 S
Fasting insulin level 18.19 ± 1.04   52.54 ± 15.81   < 0.001 S
Homatest IR 4.01 ± 0.28   12.73 ± 3.89   < 0.001 S
CRP (mg/dl) 0.83 ± 0.59 0.75 (0.3–1.2) 94.51 ± 102.77 56 (25–127) < 0.001(M) S
Alb/cr in urine 8.27 ± 1.17 7.9 (7.8–8.9) 27.4 ± 20.56 22.4 (8.5–44.7) < 0.001(M) S
Flow mediated dilatation of the brachial artery 11.67 ± 1.26   7.31 ± 0.75   < 0.001 S
  1. (M)Mann-Whitney test of significance