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Table 4 Interaction two factors (Predator*Treatment) with respect to the adult predators’ abundance

From: Do the diversity of plants and sulphur application influence the population fluctuation of insect predator?

Predator*TreatmentPost treatment intervals (hours)
0 h2 h12 h24 h48 h72 h168 h
Mean number of each predator ± SE
CoccinellaControl12.38 ± 1.54a9.50 ± 1.00c18.63 ± 2.21ab19.13 ± 1.47ab16.63 ± 1.78b16.25 ± 1.03b15.63 ± 1.72b
Sulphur treated15.38 ± 1.78a4.75 ± 1.33d7.50 ± 0.82cd6.63 ± 0.80cd9.75 ± 0.77cd11.75 ± 0.68c14.00 ± 1.99b
Untreated second area13.00 ± 1.61a16.63 ± 3.45a20.25 ± 3.11a21.63 ± 3.43a22.38 ± 3.33a18.88 ± 2.29a19.75 ± 1.99a
ChrysoperlaControl11.50 ± 2.96a13.25 ± 3.18b16.63 ± 4.32b16.63 ± 5.08b16.75 ± 4.56b16.38 ± 3.77b18.63 ± 4.42a
Sulphur treated11.25 ± 2.58a4.38 ± 1.64d4.13 ± 1.32e7.75 ± 1.91c10.25 ± 2.05cd9.88 ± 1.42c10.13 ± 0.61c
Untreated second area11.63 ± 2.85a16.50 ± 5.14a17.38 ± 5.18b18.75 ± 5.42b12.75 ± 2.70c9.88 ± 2.01c9.00 ± 0.89cd
StethorusControl6.50 ± 1.18a4.50 ± 0.87d8.75 ± 0.82c7.88 ± 1.38c8.25 ± 0.86d7.13 ± 0.77d7.88 ± 0.95cd
Sulphur treated6.75 ± 1.11a1.25 ± 0.49e0.13 ± 0.13f0.75 ± 0.16e2.38 ± 0.57e1.63 ± 0.26e2.50 ± 0.57e
Untreated second area5.13 ± 0.72a4.13 ± 0.69d6.25 ± 0.49d4.25 ± 0.77d7.25 ± 94d7.38 ± 0.82d6.88 ± 0.44d
F value0.960NS11.679**8.287**9.682**6.662**9.591**11.198**
LSD at 5 %2.4312.0092.7503.3102.3212.997
P value0.00000.00010.00000.00040.00000.0000
  1. Means in a column followed with the same letter(s) are not significantly different (P at 5%)
  2. **Highly significant
  3. NSInsignificant