Skip to main content

Table 2 Chemical composition of raw, urea-treated ensiled cocoa pod husk and formulated diets

From: Nutritional potentials and in vitro estimation of composite cocoa pod husk-based diets for ruminants

Diets/level of urea-treated CPHM replacement (%)
Parameters (%) Raw CPHM Urea-treated CPHM 0
A
5
B
7.5
C
10
D
12.5
E
15
F
SEM
Dry matter 88.97 89.87 89.34 89.41 89.39 89.64 89.71 89.64 0.52
Crude protein 8.31 14.28 10.52d 10.87d 11.35c 12.53b 12.67ab 12.84a 0.26
Crude fiber 33.87 23.91 17.29 17.32 17.37 17.36 17.32 17.31 1.77
Ether extract 4.92 3.82 2.33d 2.67c 3.07b 3.15a 3.17a 3.16a 0.22
Ash 6.25 6.05 5.47a 5.33ab 5.19b 5.11b 5.02c 5.01c 0.38
NFE 35.62 41.81 53.73a 53.22ab 52.40b 51.48b 51.47b 51.32b 1.34
NDF 63.23 52.64 73.90a 72.62ab 71.91b 70.68c 70.58c 69.13d 0.41
ADF 51.40 42.21 51.66a 49.62bc 50.83ab 49.13bc 49.59bc 48.42c 0.33
ADL 24.05 19.23 25.14a 23.37b 22.42b 23.17b 23.19b 22.48b 0.26
Calcium 0.41 0.51 0.54d 0.56cd 0.60c 0.66b 0.69ab 0.71a 0.02
Phosphorus 0.11 0.20 0.26d 0.28cd 0.29c 0.32b 0.34a 0.35a 0.01
Alkaloid 6.50 3.45 0.80a 1.49b 1.75c 2.00d 2.39e 2.81f 0.16
Theobromine 3.89 2.05 0.00a 0.77b 0.95c 1.12d 1.33e 1.47f 0.12
  1. Means on the same row with different superscript letters are statistically (p < 0.05) different
  2. A 0% replacement levels of urea-treated CPHM, B 5% replacement levels of urea-treated CPHM, C 7.5% replacement levels of urea-treated CPHM, D 10% replacement levels of urea-treated CPHM, E 12.5% replacement levels of urea-treated CPHM, F 15% replacement levels of urea-treated CPHM, NFE nitrogen-free extract, NDF neutral detergent fiber, ADF acid detergent fiber, ADL acid detergent lignin (n = 3)