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Table 5 Comparison between complicated and non-complicated groups concerning their PedsQL™ 4.0 Generic Core Scales (GCS) and PedsQL™ 3.0 Diabetic Module Scores

From: Health-related quality of life in a group of Egyptian children and adolescents with type 1 diabetes: relationship to microvascular complications

Functioning scale No. of items Non-complicated n = 30 Complicated n = 30 Independent t test
t p value
PedsQL™ 4.0 Generic Core Scales
 Total score 23 75.48 ± 12.72 63.40 ± 16.32 3.196 0.002**
(40.22–100) (35.87–96.74)
 Physical health 8 79.12 ± 12.62 64.91 ± 17.22 3.644 0.001**
(40.63–100) (37.5–96.88)
 Emotional functioning 5 68.50 ± 14.92 55.04 ± 18.11 3.141 0.003**
(35–100) (25–95)
 Social functioning 5 78.63 ± 13.62 68.13 ± 17.20 2.621 0.011*
(45–100) (35–100)
 School functioning 5 73.92 ± 13.19 64.29 ± 15.52 2.588 0.012*
(40–100) (35–100)
 Psychosocial health 15 73.72 ± 13.25 62.63 ± 16.26 2.897 0.005**
(40–100) (35–98.33)
PedsQL™ 3.0 Diabetic Module
 Total score 28 70.13 ± 14.44 60.75 ± 17.07 2.296 0.025*
(37.04–97.32) (29.63–93.75)
 Diabetes symptoms 11 68.01 ± 15.14 59.39 ± 18.69 1.963 0.055
(31.82–93.18) (25–90.91)
 Treatment barriers 4 65.42 ± 16.97 56.60 ± 15.58 2.097 0.040*
(31.25–100) (31.25–87.5)
 Treatment adherence 7 77.42 ± 12.61 65.83 ± 15.43 3.184 0.002**
(46.43–100) (32.14–100)
 Worry 3 66.94 ± 16.98 56.67 ± 21.46 2.057 0. 044*
(25–100) (16.67–91.67)
 Communication 3 70.14 ± 16.85 63.33 ± 19.00 1.468 0.147
(25–100) (16.67–100)
Parameters Non-complicated Complicated Control group One-way ANOVA
F p value
GCS total score 75.48 ± 12.72 40.22–100 63.40 ± 16.32 35.87–96.74 76.88 ± 12.48 45.66–100 10.417 < 0.001**
Post hoc analysis using LSD test
 Comparisons Non-complicated vs. complicated Non-complicated vs. control Complicated vs. control
p value < 0.001** 0.645 < 0.001**