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Table 2 Comparison between the two studied diabetic (non-complicated and complicated) groups in terms of their metabolic control indices

From: Health-related quality of life in a group of Egyptian children and adolescents with type 1 diabetes: relationship to microvascular complications

Variables Non-complicated n = 30 Complicated n = 30 Statistical test
t/z* p value
A.O.D (yrs) Mean ± SD Range 7.50 ± 2.15 (3.5–12) 3.87 ± 2.03 (1–8) 6.725 < 0.001 (HS)
D.D (yrs) Mean ± SD Range 3.75 ± 1.96 (1–7.5) 10.93 ± 2.45 (9–17) 12.545 < 0.001 (HS)
MRBG (mg/dl) Mean ± SD Range 199.20 ± 41.78 (105–290) 229.10 ± 53.54 (119–360) 2.412 0.019 (S)
HbA1c (%) Mean ± SD Range 8.33 ± 1.35 (5.6–10.7) 9.43 ± 1.58 (7–12.6) 2.900 0.005 (HS)
Mean insulin dose (IU/kg/d) Mean ± SD Range 0.92 ± 0.27 (0.48–1.54) 1.15 ± 0.27 (0.75–1.7) 3.288 0.002 (HS)
DKA attacks (n/year) Median (IQR) Range 0 (0–0) (0–2) 0 (0–1) (0–2) 1.691* 0.091 (NS)
Hypoglycemic attacks (n/year) Median (IQR) Range 0 (0–1) (0–10) 0.5 (0–3) (0–5) 1.718* 0.086 (NS)
  1. t for independent t test. z for Mann-Whitney test
  2. NS non-significant (p > 0.05), S significant (p < 0.05), HS highly significant (p < 0.01), IQR interquartile range, A.O.D age of onset of disease, D.D disease duration, Yrs. years, MRBG mean random blood glucose, mg/dl milligram per deciliter, IU/kg/d international unit per kilogram per day, DKA diabetic ketoacidosis