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Table 3 Performance traits and characteristics of goats in rural areas of the Nile Delta in Egypt

From: Assessment of the traditional goat production systems in rural areas of the Nile Delta in Egypt

Variables Level/Range Villages Mean ± SE %
Shanway Kafr El Hema Sakyet Abu Sha’ra Samalay Kafr El Pharaonia
No.* % No.* % No.* % No.* % No.* %
Average flock size 1–3 head 13 65 12 60 14 70 11 55 12 60 12.40 ± 0.509 62
> 3 head 7 35 8 40 6 30 9 45 8 40 7.60 ± 0.509 38
Flock structure Male 7 35 5 25 6 30 4 20 6 30 5.60 ± 0.509 28
Female 13 65 15 75 14 70 16 80 14 70 14.40 ± 0.509 72
Age at first estrus < 6 months 3 15 4 20 2 10 1 5 0 0 2.00 ± 0.707 10
6–12 months 14 70 15 75 14 70 15 75 16 80 14.80 ± 0.374 74
> 1 year 3 15 1 5 4 20 4 20 4 20 3.20 ± 0.583 16
Average kidding interval 8–12 months 14 70 18 90 16 80 19 95 19 95 17.20 ± 0.969 86
>  1 year 6 30 2 10 4 20 1 5 1 5 2.80 ± 0.969 14
Age at first mating of females <  1 year 12 60 11 55 13 65 16 80 12 60 12.80 ± 0.860 64
>  1 year 8 40 9 45 7 35 4 20 8 40 7.20 ± 0.860 36
Type of birth Single 2 10 3 15 3 15 2 10 4 20 2.80 ± 0.374 14
Twin 10 50 13 65 16 80 12 60 11 55 12.40 ± 1.029 62
Triplet 6 30 2 10 1 5 4 20 4 20 3.40 ± 0.871 17
Quartets 2 10 2 10 0 0 1 5 1 5 1.20 ± 0.374 6
Frequency of reproduction per year Not sure 5 25 4 20 3 15 5 25 5 25 4.40 ± 0.400 22
Once 12 60 12 60 14 70 11 55 10 50 11.80 ± 0.663 59
Twice 3 25 4 20 3 15 4 20 5 25 3.80 ± 0.374 19
Type of birth preferred Single 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 5 1 5 0.40 ± 0.244 2
Twin 14 70 15 75 17 85 15 75 14 70 15.00 ± 0.547 75
Triplet 4 20 4 20 3 15 4 20 5 25 4.00 ± 0.316 20
Quartets 2 10 1 5 0 0 0 0 0 0 0.60 ± 0.400 3
Survival rates Single 13 65 14 70 16 80 13 65 15 75 14.20 ± 0.583 72
Twin 6 30 6 30 4 20 5 25 5 25 5.20 ± 0.374 26
Triplet 1 5 0 0 0 0 2 10 0 0 .60 ± 0.400 2
Quartets 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 .00 ± 0.000 0
Mortality rates At birth 11 55 17 85 12 60 13 65 12 60 13.00 ± 1.048 65
< 6 months 6 30 3 15 4 20 6 30 5 25 4.80 ± 0.583 24
6–12 months 3 15 0 0 4 20 1 5 3 15 2.20 ± 0.734 11
  1. Multiple responses were possible, so the sum of percentages is not 100. Fertility = number of does kidding per does mated. Kidding percentage = number of kids born per breeding does mated