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Table 3 Effect of spraying different concentrations of E. sativa fresh aqueous extract on growth parameters of P. sativum plants. (Combined analysis of the two seasons)

From: Bioherbicidal activity of Eruca sativa fresh shoot aqueous extract for the management of two annual weeds associating Pisum sativum plants

Treatments E. sativa fresh aqueous extract concentration (%) First sample Second sample
Shoot height (cm) No. of leaves/plant No. of branches /plant Dry weight of plant (g) Shoot height (cm) No. of leaves/plant No. of branches/plant Dry weight of plant (g)
P. sativum only 0 34.0 a 18 a 1.4 a 1.93 a 58.0 a 24 a 1.6 a 5.43 a
P. sativum + P. minor + B. vulgaris 0 20.0 e 13 d 1.0 a 0.91 e 31.0 g 16 b 1.1 b 1.62 h
P. sativum + P. minor + B. vulgaris + E. sativa Once spray 20 22.0 e 15ab 1.0 a 1.16 d 36.7 f 22 a 1.2 b 2.43 g
40 23.0 de 14 cd 1.0 a 1.38 c 42.0 e 22 a 1.2 b 2.95 f
60 27.3 c 16ab 1.0 a 1.49 c 46.5 de 22 a 1.2 b 3.25 ef
80 29.5bc 16ab 1.3 a 1.67 b 50.2 bc 22 a 1.3 ab 4.11 d
P. sativum + P. minor + B. vulgaris + E. sativa Twice spray 20 26.5 cd 16ab 1.1 a 1.42 c 45.5 de 22 a 1.2 ab 3.20 ef
40 28.0bc 16ab 1.2 a 1.52 bc 48.8 cd 22 a 1.3 ab 3.34 e
60 30.0bc 17ab 1.3 a 1.90 a 52.5 bc 22 a 1.4 ab 4.57 c
80 31.5ab 17ab 1.3 a 1.91 a 54.8 ab 24 a 1.4 ab 4.89 b