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Table 1 Comparison between chitin and chitosan production from fungal mycelia and crustacean sources

From: Current trends in fungal biosynthesis of chitin and chitosan

Basis for comparison Fungal mycelia Crustacean sources
Availability Does not have seasonal or geographic limitations. Limited by sites of fishing industry and seasons.
Inorganic materials Low levels High levels
Extraction process Simpler Requires harsh solvents
Cost of waste management Low High
Demineralization treatment Not required Required
Physico-chemical properties Consistent Vary
Induction of the plant immune response More effective Less effective