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Table 1 Chemical compositions of various lignocellulose biomass (percentage in dry weight basis)

From: Microbial delignification and hydrolysis of lignocellulosic biomass to enhance biofuel production: an overview and future prospect

Lignocellulose biomass type Composition Reference
Cellulose Lignin Hemicellulose Arabinose
Corn stover 36 17.2 21 3.5 Ohgren et al. 2007
Olive tree 25 19 15 2.4 Cohen et al. 2017
Rice straw 41 10 15 5 Niladevi et al. 2007
Switch grass 32 23 20 4 Foston and Ragauskas 2010
Wheat straw 32 15 37 4–8 Tsegaye et al. 2017
Poplar wood 40 29 15 1 Foston and Ragauskas 2010
Eucalyptus 50 28 11 < 1 Feijoo et al. 2008
Pine wood 45 28 6 2 Perestelo et al. 1989
Sorghum straw 33.5 18 25.5 Mishra et al. 2017
Barley hall 34 16.5 36 Zimmermann and Broda 1989
Barley straw 39 8 28 Zimmermann and Broda 1989
Rice husk 32 18 20.5 Haider 2013
Conifers 43–46 27–32 5–10 0.5–2 Wagner et al. 2009