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Table 5 Effect of soil application with Trichoderma spp. and seed coating with thiophanate-methyl employed either alone or in combination on the activity of peroxidase, polyphenoloxidase, and chitinase enzymes of dry bean plants grown under field condition

From: Field application of Trichoderma spp. combined with thiophanate-methyl for controlling Fusarium solani and Fusarium oxysporum in dry bean

Treatment Season 2015
Peroxidase Polyphenoloxidase Chitinase
 Thiophanate-methyl + T. harzianum 0.968 a 2.483 b 2.272 a
 Thiophanate-methyl + T. viride 0.984 a 2.457 b 2.047 b
 Thiophanate-methyl + T. virens 0.947 a 2.579 a 1.928 b
T. harzianum 0.721 bc 1.084 c 1.542 c
T. viride 0.649 b 1.062 c 1.313 d
T. virens 0.588 c 1.079 c 1.549 c
 Thiophanate-methyl 0.581 c 1.061 c 1.244 d
 Control 0.162 d 0.888 d 0.173 e
Treatment Season 2016
Peroxidase Polyphenoloxidase Chitinase
 Thiophanate-methyl + T. harzianum 0.976 a 2.594 a 2.118
 Thiophanate-methyl + T. viride 0.939 ab 2.554 a 1.975
 Thiophanate-methyl + T. virens 0.893 b 2.570 a 1.864
T. harzianum 0.721 c 1.069 c 1.481
T. viride 0.624 d 1.145 b 1.206
T. virens 0.490 e 1.097 bc 1.621
 Thiophanate-methyl 0.650 d 1.077 c 1.287
 Control 0.128 f 0.899 d 0.167
  1. The same letter after means in each column is not significantly different according to Duncan’s multiple range test (P = 0.05)