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Table 3 Effect of soil application with Trichoderma spp. and seed coating with thiophanate-methyl employed either alone or in combination on damping-off, root rot/wilt, and survival dry bean plants grown under field conditions

From: Field application of Trichoderma spp. combined with thiophanate-methyl for controlling Fusarium solani and Fusarium oxysporum in dry bean

Treatment Season 2015
Damping-off (%) Root rot (%) Survival plants (%)
Pre-emergence Post-emergence
 Thiophanate-methyl + T. harzianum 11.7 cd 5.7 b 3.8 b 90.5 ab
 Thiophanate-methyl + T. viride 10.0 d 3.6 b 3.6 b 92.8 a
 Thiophanate-methyl + T. virens 10.0 d 3.7 b 3.7 b 92.6 a
T. harzianum 21.7 b 6.4 b 8.4 b 85.2 b
T. viride 20.0 bc 6.3 b 8.2 b 85.5 b
T. virens 26.7 b 6.8 b 6.8 b 86.4 ab
 Thiophanate-methyl 18.3 bcd 6.2 b 8.2 b 85.6 b
 Control 36.3 a 13.4 a 18.4 a 68.2 c
Treatment Season 2016
Damping-off (%) Wilt (%) Survival plants (%)
Pre-emergence Post-emergence
 Thiophanate-methyl + T. harzianum 8.3 cd 5.5 b 3.6 b 90.9 ab
 Thiophanate-methyl + T. viride 8.3 cd 3.6 b 3.6 b 92.8 a
 Thiophanate-methyl + T. virens 5.0 d 3.5 b 3.5 b 93.0 a
T. harzianum 18.3 bc 6.0 b 8.1 b 85.9 bc
T. viride 18.3 bc 6.2 b 6.2 b 87.6 abc
T. virens 25.0 b 6.8 b 6.8 b 84.4 bc
 Thiophanate-methyl 21.7 b 8.4 ab 8.4 b 83.2 c
 Control 40.0 a 13.7 a 19.8 a 66.5 d
  1. The same letter after means in each column is not significantly different according to Duncan’s multiple range test (P = 0.05)