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Table 2 Effect of soil application with Trichoderma spp. and seed coating with thiophanate-methyl employed either alone or in combination on vegetative growth parameter of dry bean plants grown in soil artificially infested with each of Fusarium solani and Fusarium oxysporum under greenhouse conditions

From: Field application of Trichoderma spp. combined with thiophanate-methyl for controlling Fusarium solani and Fusarium oxysporum in dry bean

Treatment Average vegetative growth parameters of bean plants
Fusarium solani
Root length (cm) Shoot length (cm) No. of leaves/plant Plant fresh weight (g) Plant dry weight (g)
 Thiophanate-methyl + T. harzianum 17.2 b 43.7 b 6.7 b 15.2 b 2.43 c
 Thiophanate-methyl + T. viride 16.5 c 44.0 b 8.3 a 14.1 c 3.43 a
 Thiophanate-methyl + T. virens 19.7 a 45.2 a 6.8 b 16.4 a 2.98 b
T. harzianum 15.5 e 43.0 c 5.7 d 12.5 e 2.38 e
T. viride 14.8 f 41.2 d 5.7 d 11.6 f 1.95 f
T. virens 16.0 d 39.8 e 6.2 c 12.7 d 2.39 d
 Thiophanate-methyl 14.0 g 38.7 f 5.5 e 11.5 g 1.94 g
 Pathogen only 13.7 h 33.3 g 4.8 f 10.8 h 1.55 h
Treatment Average vegetative growth parameters of bean plants
Fusarium oxysporum
Root length (cm) Shoot length (cm) No. of leaves /plant Plant fresh weight (g) Plant dry weight (g)
 Thiophanate-methyl + T. harzianum 21.1 b 43.7 a 7.7 a 37.7 b 5.35 a
 Thiophanate-methyl + T. viride 20.8 c 41.2 c 7.3 b 38.1 a 4.89 c
 Thiophanate-methyl + T. virens 21.3 a 42.2 b 7.7 a 36.6 c 5.17 b
T. harzianum 18.7 e 42.0 b 6.5 d 25.1 f 4.63 d
T. viride 18.8 e 42.2 b 6.8 c 30.3 e 4.05 f
T. virens 20.2 d 41.2 c 6.8 c 32.5 d 4.41 e
 Thiophanate-methyl 16.8 f 40.7 c 6.2 e 24.1 g 2.63 g
 Pathogen only 15.7 g 30.0 d 5.2 f 14.8 h 2.24 h
  1. The same letter after means in each column is not significantly different according to Duncan’s multiple range test (P = 0.05)