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Table 4 Mean ± SD of biochemical markers of diabetic rats fed on whey protein, G. kola, and their mixture

From: Protective effects of whey protein mixed with Garcinia kola and olive leaves extract against alloxan-induced oxidative stress and diabetes in rats

  NC (n = 6) DC (n = 6) WP (n = 6) GK (n = 6) WPGK (n = 6) ANOVA
Mean ± SD Mean ± SD Mean ± SD Mean ± SD Mean ± SD F value
Glucose (mg/dl) 66.0 ± 5.8 135.6 ± 12.3 61.0 ± 10.8 68.5 ± 6.6 82.2 ± 8.4 65.2***
Cholesterol (mg/dl) 48.0 ± 6.4 37.8 ± 6.6 42.2 ± 7.3 39.7 ± 7.9 43.5 ± 4.8 1.8
Triglycerides (mg/dl) 29.8 ± 6.4 16.6 ± 3.1 27.4 ± 4.9 83.0 ± 12.6 45.8 ± 5.8 74.2***
Total protein (g/l) 5.9 ± 0.4 6.5.1 ± 1.9 6.45 ± 0.2 6.30 ± 0.8 6.9 ± 0.4 3.1*
Albumin (g/l) 2.4 ± 0.0 2.4 ± 0.2 2.6 ± 0.2 3.1 ± 0.7 2.8 ± 0.1 4.2*
AST (U/l) 142.8 ± 16.6 204.7 ± 13.2 37.5 ± 1.3 121.7 ± 28.5 155.5 ± 35.8 46.5***
ALT (U/l) 35.4 ± 8.3 56.0 ± 1.2 45.8 ± 5.0 49.4 ± 1.5 46.7 ± 3.6 5.7*
ALP (U/l) 604.6 ± 97.4 660.8 ± 183.4 921.0 ± 53.5 641.0 ± 166.4 676.0 ± 68.6 5.8**
Urea (mg/dl) 14.9 ± 1.8 31.0 ± 5.2 86.0 ± 6.9 37.3 ± 5.7 80.5 ± 3.7 219.3**
Creatinine (mg/dl) 0.03 ± 0.01 0.01 ± 0.003 0.03 ± 0.01 0.071 ± 0.14 0.05 ± 0.02 130.5**
  1. NC normal control; DC diabetic control; WP whey protein; GK G. kola; and WPGK whey protein and G. kola
  2. n number of rats, SD standard deviation, and ANOVA analysis of variance
  3. Values subscribed in the same row with different letters showed significant differences (P < 0.05) between these values as calculated by ANOVA and LSD
  4. *P < 0.05, **P < 0.01, and ***P < 0.001