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Table 3 Mean ± SD of biochemical markers of diabetic rats fed on whey protein, olive leaves extracts and their mixture

From: Protective effects of whey protein mixed with Garcinia kola and olive leaves extract against alloxan-induced oxidative stress and diabetes in rats

  NC (n = 6) DC (n = 6) WP (n = 6) OL (n = 6) WPOL (n = 6) ANOVA
Mean ± SD Mean ± SD Mean ± SD Mean ± SD Mean ± SD F value
Glucose (mg/dl) 66.0 ± 5.8 135.6 ± 12.3 61.0 ± 10.8 64.8 ± 14.6 91.7 ± 20.0 30.9***
Cholesterol (mg/dl) 48.0 ± 6.4 37.8 ± 6.6 42.2 ± 7.3 55.0 ± 10.4 48.7 ± 6.56 4.4**
Triglycerides (mg/dl) 29.8 ± 6.4 16.6 ± 3.1 27.4 ± 4.9 32.5 ± 5.68 31.2 ± 6.62 5.6**
Total protein (g/l) 5.9 ± 0.4 6.5.1 ± 1.9 6.45 ± 0.2 6.95 ± 1.74 6.30 ± 0.68 2.1
Albumin (g/l) 2.4 ± 0.0 2.4 ± 0.2 2.6 ± 0.2 2.81 ± 0.27 2.57 ± 0.18 3.4*
AST (U/l) 142.8 ± 16.6 204.7 ± 13.2 37.5 ± 1.3 130.2 ± 16.0 77.8 ± 16.8 126.0***
ALT (U/l) 35.4 ± 8.3 48.0 ± 9.2 45.8 ± 5.0 34.8 ± 6.2 27.5 ± 5.9 8.3***
ALP (U/l) 604.6 ± 97.4 660.8 ± 183.4 921.0 ± 53.5 471.2 ± 115.6 633.8 ± 89.7 11.8***
Urea (mg/dl) 14.9 ± 1.8 31.0 ± 5.2 86.0 ± 6.9 110.8 ± 30.2 121.1 ± 24.3 38.7***
Creatinine (mg/dl) 0.03 ± 0.01 0.01 ± 0.003 0.03 ± 0.01 0.23 ± 0.07 0.23 ± 0.10 23.6***
  1. NC normal control; DC diabetic control; WP whey protein; OL olive leaves; WPOL whey protein and olive leaves
  2. n number of rats, SD standard deviation, and ANOVA analysis of variance
  3. Values subscribed in the same row with different letters showed significant differences (P < 0.05) between these values as calculated by ANOVA and LSD
  4. **P < 0.05, **P < 0.01, and ***P < 0.001