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Table 1 Mean ± SD of hematological parameters of diabetic rats fed on whey protein, olive leaves extracts and their mixture

From: Protective effects of whey protein mixed with Garcinia kola and olive leaves extract against alloxan-induced oxidative stress and diabetes in rats

  NC (n = 6) DC (n = 6) WP (n = 6) OL (n = 6) WPOL (n = 6) ANOVA
Mean ± SD Mean ± SD Mean ± SD Mean ± SD Mean ± SD F value Sig.
WBC (103 μl) 10.8 ± 1.2 18.4 ± 5.3 13.1 ± 3.2 14.6 ± 3.9 14.6 ± 3.5 2.7 0.057
RBC (106 μl) 8.0 ± 0.5 8.0 ± 0.5 7.5 ± 0.6 7.9 ± 0.4 8.1 ± 0.5 1.1 0.364
Hgb (g/dl) 15.1 ± 1.1 16.0 ± 0.7 15.1 ± 1.1 15.9 ± 1.1 15.9 ± 0.7 1.2 0.322
Hct (%) 44.3 ± 3.8 46.4 ± 1.6 44.1 ± 2.7 48.0 ± 3.8 48.0 ± 1.9 2.4 0.077
MCV (fl) 55.5 ± 2.1 58.3 ± 2.5 58.8 ± 0.8 60.3 ± 2.2 59.7 ± 2.1 3.8 0.017*
MCH (pg) 18.9 ± 0.6 20.1 ± 1.0 20.1 ± 0.5 20.0 ± 0.5 19.7 ± 0.9 2.0 0.126
MCHC (g/dl) 34.2 ± 0.8 34.5 ± 0.6 34.2 ± 0.7 33.2 ± 0.7 33.0 ± 0.5 6.2 0.002**
RDW (%) 11.9 ± 0.6 12.1 ± 0.9 12.7 ± 1.1 12.9 ± 0.6 13.3 ± 1.8 1.4 0.280
PLT (103 ml) 613.3 ± 88.5 794.7 ± 83.6 837.2 ± 238.5 882.7 ± 104 860.0 ± 74.1 3.1 0.037*
MPV (fL) 5.7 ± 0.4 6.0 ± 0.1 5.4 ± 0.2 6.5 ± 0.4 6.6 ± 0.6 10.4 0.000***
  1. NC normal control; DC diabetic control; WP whey protein; OL olive leaves; WPOL whey protein and olive leaves; n number of rats, SD standard deviation, and ANOVA analysis of variance; WBC white blood cells; RBC red blood cells; Hgb hemoglobin; Hct hematocrit; MCV mean corpuscular volume; MCH mean corpuscular hemoglobin; MCHC mean corpuscular hemoglobin concentration, RDW red cell distribution width; PLT platelet count; MPV mean platelet volume
  2. Values subscribed in the same row with different letters showed significant differences (P < 0.05) between these values as calculated by ANOVA and LSD
  3. *P < 0.05, **P < 0.01 and ***P < 0.001